Mumbai- The Business Capital of India
Mumbai, which was previously known as Bombay is a major metropolitan city of India. It is the state capital of Maharashtra. It is the country's principal financial and communications centre. The city has the largest and the busiest port handling India's foreign trade and a major International airport. India's largest Stock Exchange which ranks as the third largest in the world is situated in Mumbai. Here, trading of stocks is carried out in billions of rupees every day. It is a major educational hub with many prestigious institutions like IIT, situated here.
Description about Mumbai/Bombay can not be complete without the mention of Bollywood, the biggest Indian film industry which churns out hundreds of Hindi block-busters every year.
Where is Mumbai?
Mumbai (Bombay) lies on the western coast of India. It is a group of seven islands in the Arabian Sea which lies off the northern Konkan coast on the west of Maharashtra state in India. These seven islands which were once separated by creeks and channels were filled and bridged over the years by the inhabitants.
History of Mumbai
In 1661, King Charles II of England married Princess Catherine de Braganza of Portugal, and as part of the dowry, he received "Bombay" which is today known as Mumbai. Later in 1668, it was handed over to the East India Company.
In 1858 the administration of the country was taken over by the Queen of England, Queen Victoria, from the East India Company. A viceroy was appointed to rule India in the name of the Queen.
Bombay came under the direct rule of the British in 1861.
The first railway line in India was started between Bombay (VT) and Thane in 1861.
In 1864, the modern water supply was started in Bombay (Mumbai) and in 1885, Bombay was lit with gas.
Mahatma Gandhi joining Indian Politics in 1920, was a turning point in the political destiny of India which led to the Independence of India from the British rule. Bombay (Mumbai) had an important role to play in this event.
Climate of Mumbai
Most of the year, Mumbai's climate is warm and humid. Between November and February, the skies are clear, mid-June and the temperature is cooler. From March the temperature becomes warm and humid-June, the beginning of monsoon. During monsoon there are torrential rains, sometimes causing the flooding of major roads and streets of Mumbai. The average rainfall which is brought by the south-west monsoon winds in Mumbai is 180 cms. Monsoon ends by the end of September. October is comparatively hot and humid.
Mumbai- A Melting Pot
Mumbai provides umpteen opportunities to realise one's dreams. Hence, people from all over India, belonging to different cultures come here to realise their dreams. Mumbai has become the melting pot of all Indian cultures. This is the reason Mumbai has a truly cosmopolitan population bustling with activity. Being a major financial centre, people from all over the world come here for business opportunities. This has made Mumbai a major International city.
Connectivity for Mumbai
Mumbai is reachable through inetrnational and domestic flights operated by several carriers. Mumbai's international terminal is the Sahar International Airport, renamed now as the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (Terminal 2, also known as T2). T2 is located 8 km from IIT Bombay, about 30 km from downtown Nariman Point and 4 km from the Domestic Terminal (T1) at Santa Cruz.
The T2 and T1 airports operate 24X7. International flights of all carriers and domestic flights of AIR INDIA operate from the T2 Terminal and connect it with various national and international destinations. Domestic flights of all private airlines operate from the T1 terminal. The T1 and T2 terminals are about 4 km apart. There are regular shuttle bus services that operate between the T2 and T1 terminals.
Both the domestic and international terminals have amenities like exchange bureaus, duty free shops, restaurants, left luggage sheds and tourist offices.
Hotel bookings, car rentals, fleet taxis (such as MERU, TABCAB, EASYCAB etc) and pre-paid taxis are available at the terminals. One can also avail pick up services from airport by hotels you booked.
The headquarters of both Western and Central Railways lie in Mumbai. This city is connected massively via railways. Railways are said to be the lifeline of Mumbai. Super-fast trains and passenger trains connects the city with all prominent towns of India like Delhi, Calcutta, Chennai, Hyderabad and Bangalore. The two railway stations in Mumbai are Chattrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) previously known Victoria Terminus, and Bombay Central Station. Central railways serve eastern and southern parts, wherein western railways operate towards to the north from Church gate and central stations. Other local railway stations are Dadar, Church gate and Kurla. It's always advisable to make bookings in advance to escape last minute hassle.
Mumbai is perfectly connected by a road network to the rest of India. The city's public bus system BEST is one of the most efficient bus systems. Interstate roadways buses and private operators run luxury coach buses as well as rickety buses. It has a vast fleet of black-and-yellow taxis too. The fine roads of this city connect you to all big and small towns and tourist centres in the state of Maharashtra- Pune (163 km), Aurangabad (392 km), Nashik (184 km), Mahabaleshwar (239 km) and to the towns and cities of the neighbouring states- Goa - Panaji (597 km), Gujarat - Ahmedabad (545 km) and Vadodara (432 km) and Andhra Pradesh.